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|Subject: Carlsbad Caverns National Park 13/11/2010, 8:59 pm|| |
Carlsbad Caverns National Park is located in the southeast region ofNew Mexico, United States. The most famous part of this National Parkis the show cave, Carlsbad Caverns, which is open to the public andtourists can hike by themselves via the natural entrance. One can alsotake the elevator that take you to the Underground Lunchroom which is230 meters (750ft) beneath ground level.Carlsbad Caverns Park is open every day except on the 25th ofDecember every year. It has two distinct entries, one is the CacesernHistoric District and the other is called the Rattlesnake SpringsHistoric District. Out of the entire park, almost two-third has beenrestored in terms of its habitat and no further change will be allowedunder any circumstance. The most visited day of the year is on July4th, U.S. Independence Day.Jim White discovered this place and gave some of the rooms theirnames, including the Big Room, King’s Palace, New Mexico Room, PapooseRoom, Queen’s Chamber, and Green Lake Room. Jim also named othersimportant formations, including Totem Pole, Giant Dome, Witch’s Finger,Bottomless Pit, Iceberg Rock, Fairyland, Temple of the Sun, and Rock ofAges. There is a lot of natural and untapped beauties present inCarlsbad Caverns. Quite a few chambers in the cave have whitestalagmites, which resembled angels to the room’s discoverers. Thereare 17 different species of bats that lived within the park.Balloon BallroomLocated in the ceiling above the main entrance hall, this small roomwas first accessed by tying a rope to a bunch of balloons and floatingthem up into the passage.Bat CaveA large, unadorned rocky passage connected to the main entrancecorridor that was mined for bat guano in the early 20th century. Themajority of the cave’s bat population lives in this portion of the cave.Bell Cord RoomNamed for a long, narrow stalactite coming through a hole in theceiling, resembling the rope coming through a church steeple to ringthe bell. This room is located at the end of the Left Hand Tunnel.Bifrost RoomDiscovered in 1982, it is located in the ceiling above Lake of theClouds. Its name refers to a Norse myth about a world in the sky thatwas accessed from Earth by a rainbow. The room was given this namebecause of its location above the Lake of the Clouds and its colorfuloxide-stained formations.Big Room or The Hall of the GiantsThe largest chamber in Carlsbad Caverns, with a floor space of 33,210 m2 (357,469 sq ft).Chocolate HighA maze of small passages totalling nearly a mile in combined length,discovered in 1993 above a mud-filled pit in the New Mexico Room knownas Chocolate Drop.Green Lake RoomThe uppermost of the “Scenic Rooms”, it is named for a deep,malachite-colored pool in the corner of the room. In the 1940s, whenthe military was testing the feasibility of Carlsbad Cavern as anemergency fallout shelter, the Green Lake was used to look for ripplescaused by a nuclear bomb test many miles away. None appeared.Guadalupe RoomDiscovered by a park ranger in 1966, this is the second largest roomin Carlsbad Caverns. It is known for its dense collection of “sodastraw” stalactites.Hall of the White GiantA large chamber containing a large, white stalagmite. Rangers regularly lead special wild cave tours to this location.King’s PalaceThe first of four chambers in a wing known as the “scenic rooms”, itis named for a large castle-like formation in the center of the room.Lake of the CloudsThe lowest known point in the cave. It is located in a side passageoff the Left Hand Tunnel. It is named for its large lake containingglobular, cloud-like rock formations that formed under water when thelake level was much higher.Left Hand TunnelA long, straight passage marked by deep fissures in the floor. Thesefissures are not known to lead anywhere. The Left Hand Tunnel leads tothe Lake of the Clouds and the Bell Cord Room.Mystery RoomA small room located in the lower part of the cave, named for amysterious and as of yet unexplained noise heard only in this room.New Mexico RoomLocated adjacent to the Queen’s Chamber and accessed by means of a short slope.New SectionA section of fissures east of the White Giant formation andparalleling the Bat Cave. New discoveries are still being made in thissection.Papoose RoomLocated between the King’s Palace and Queen’s Chamber.Queen’s ChamberWidely regarded as the most beautiful and scenic area of the cave.Jim White’s lantern went out in this chamber while exploring and was inthe dark for over half an hour.Spirit WorldLocated in the ceiling of the Big Room, this area is filled withwhite stalagmites that resembled angels to the room’s discoverers.Talcum PassageA room located in Lower Cave where the floor is coated with gypsum dust.The RookeryOne of the larger rooms in Lower Cave. A large number of cave pearls are found in this area.Underground LunchroomLocated in the Big Room at the head of the Left Hand Tunnel. Itcontains a cafeteria that was built in the 1950s, and is where theelevators from the visitor center exit into the cave.