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|Subject: Teotihuacán Pyramids in the Valley of Mexico 13/11/2010, 8:18 pm|| |
Teotihuacán is a sacred site that is about 30 miles northeast fromMexico City in Mexico. This is a very popular site to visit from thecity, as these ruins are among Mexico’s most remarkable, as well assome of the most important in the world. Teotihuacán was built about300 AD and is characterized by enormous monuments that have beencarefully laid out based on symbolic and geometric principles.The Temple of Quetzalcoatl is one of its most monumental structures,located in the center of the area and boasts its fine decoration andlavish offerings. The front of the temple has large, finely carvedserpent heads that jut out from feathered collars that are carved intoits stone walls. This temple has a pyramid built on top of it calledthe Feathered Serpent Pyramid, where over 200 ceremonially buriedwarriors’ skeletons have been found by archaeologists.The Pyramid of the Sun is positioned on the Avenue of the Dead’seast side, is the 3rd biggest pyramid in the world, and the largestpyramid that has been restored in the Western Hemisphere. Thisstructure hasn’t been completely understood yet, but is built over asacred cave that has the shape of a 4 leaf clover. The first part ofthe Pyramid was built about 100 BC, being completed 400 years later.The Pyramid of the Moon faces the northern plaza and has nodiscovered features in its interior, such as a cave. It is smaller thanits neighboring pyramid, but appears to be the same since it is builton higher ground. This pyramid seems to have been built in a pattern toreflect the sacred Cerro Gordo Mountain to the north.