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|Subject: Mahmud Bayram el-Tunsi 13/11/2010, 6:48 pm|| |
بيرم التونسي; born in 1893 in Alexandria, Egypt - died 1961) was an Egyptian poet whowas exiled from Egypt by the British for his nationalist poetry.Bayramel-Tunsi received his education at religious (Muslim) schools. However, he learned theart of poetry by listening to oral presentations in the form known as zajal. In 1919, the year of the first Egyptian revolution, he began to publishhis poetry in the journal Issues. These satirical ballads, based on thetraditional zajal form, were critical of both the British occupation and theEgyptian monarchy, which was referred to as a puppet. This led to his exilefrom Egypt, which he spentin France and Tunisia. El-Tunsireturned to Egyptin 1938, where he continued to publish political poetry.Bayramel-Tunsi coined the term Adab al-iscrif (the literature of rescue) todescribe "the successful rejection of external threats, the reorientationand redistribution of power in society, and construction of a strong andindependent nation."In additionto zajal, of which Bayram el-Tunsi was considered a master, he wasproficient with maqama whch hepreferred in much of his later output. Among those who have been influenced byBayram el-Tunsi were SalahJahin and AhmedFouad Negm.